Schizophrenia is a mental illness characterized by the presence of:
- Delusions: false and persistent beliefs, which are constant and do not fluctuate, or simple desires that are not shared by others that the person believes to be sincere even if there is evidence to the contrary.
- Hallucinations: sensory experiences that originate mentally instead of being perceived from the outside. Sometimes they are voices (auditory hallucinations), or sometimes, images (visual hallucinations) that other people do not observe. The person usually has difficulty differentiating between what are hallucinations and what are real perceptions.
- Disorganized speech: both thoughts and language are altered.
- Very disorganized or catatonic behavior.
All of the above abnormal behaviors and experiences are defined as "positive symptoms.”
- Lack of energy and motivation: a frequent negative symptom. Due to the disease, many people lose their normal enthusiasm, energy and interest in what surrounds them. This often means that people suffering this disease are unable to fulfill their obligations or lead a normal social life.
- Emotional disorders: the person loses the ability to experience pleasure and cannot feel normal emotions as he or she did before. Depression, lack of self-confidence or irritable mood are some of the most common symptoms.
- Social withdrawal: a symptom often observed whereby the person reduces their contacts with other people to the minimum, even with friends and family. Any person should be evaluated separately to know if the rejection of contact with other people is an expression of the defense mechanism acting in response to the hypersensitivity associated with the disease, or if the person should be encouraged to try to break their social isolation.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Is it possible to have schizophrenia and lead a normal life?
A person with schizophrenia should recognize their disease, understand it and learn to live with it. It is essential to follow three basic instructions:
Go regularly to a qualified psychiatrist who specializes in schizophrenia.
Take any prescribed medications correctly.
Abstain from consuming substances that might exacerbate symptoms.
Can schizophrenia be cured?
If we understand a cure of any disease to be the complete alleviation of symptoms, then we have to say that schizophrenia cannot be cured. However, over the years it has been observed that with appropriate psychological treatment, regular follow-up and adequate medication, a person suffering from schizophrenia can experience an alleviation of many of the associated symptoms and enjoy a normal life while thriving in social, family, school or work spheres.
OUR TREATMENT MODEL
CADE offers a multidisciplinary treatment according to the characteristics and needs of the patient that is based on the patient´s diagnosis and an individual intervention plan.
A psychological or psychiatric disorder generally has a genetic or biological origin detonated by difficult and early or current traumatic experiences that lead the individual to become ill. Therefore, the clinical intervention in these disorders necessitates the multidisciplinary work of psychiatry, psychology, medicine, nutrition and complementary therapies. The treatment can be outpatient, inpatient or semi-inpatient based.