PERSISTANT DEPRESSIVE DISORDER (DYSTHYMIA)
People with dysthymia describe their mood as sad or down most of the day. The symptoms that prevail during Chronic Depression are: loss or increase of appetite, insomnia or hypersomnia, lack of energy to perform daily activities, strong feelings of hopelessness and low self-esteem.
Usually people express loss of interest and will devalue themselves by saying they are boring, inefficient or useless. Frequently the person expresses that "this has always been so" so the symptoms are not recognized as being abnormal. For a Dysthymia Disorder diagnosis to be made, symptoms should be present for a period of at least two years.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How does a person with dysthymia present?
A person with dysthymia is generally observed to be self-critical, hopeless and possess strong feelings of guilt. He or she has alterations in appetite and sleep and has significantly decreased productivity. He or she will express feelings of desperation and behave irritably.
What percentage of the population is affected by dysthymia?
Around 5% of the population is affected, occurring more often with women than men.
What can I do if I suspect someone has Dysthymia?
When a person suffers from a dysthymia, his or her quality of life and that of those around them is affected. In CADE we have an interdisciplinary team focused on helping the person to manage his or her emotions, control stress situations, increase the ability to resolve conflicts, promote recovery and incorporate once again into activities that help them recover their health.
Can this disorder be easily detected?
For this diagnosis to be considered, the person will have never been without any of the symptoms, for a period of more than two months in the last two years. It is difficult to realize at a glance if someone suffers from dysthymia because people get accustomed to their depressed mood and continue to function, although at a lower level than what they are capable. It is important that the person be assessed by a mental health professional to rule out the presence of a depressive disorder.
What is the difference between a Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) and Major Depressive Disorder?
The symptoms of persistent depressive disorder (Dysthymia) are less severe and have a more social and lasting character (minimum two years of persistence). With a Major Depressive Disorder, a person must have a minimum period of two weeks and more intense symptoms.
OUR TREATMENT MODEL
CADE offers a multidisciplinary treatment according to the characteristics and needs of the patient that is based on the patient´s diagnosis and an individual intervention plan.
A psychological or psychiatric disorder generally has a genetic or biological origin detonated by difficult and early or current traumatic experiences that lead the individual to become ill. Therefore, the clinical intervention in these disorders necessitates the multidisciplinary work of psychiatry, psychology, medicine, nutrition and complementary therapies. The treatment can be outpatient, inpatient or semi-inpatient based.