People who suffer from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder feel a lot of anxiety and discomfort because they do not decide to have these recurring “obsessive” ideas that may often be of an unpleasant nature.
Obsessions can appear as unwanted images, thoughts or impulses. To "neutralize" them individuals use compulsions or repetitive acts that appear as an impulse in order to "dampen" the obsession and relieve the anguish.
Generally, these mechanisms are deficient because they are not really related to the event that causes the trauma or fear, and they require a large investment of energy from the person that ends up wearing them out. Often the act needs to be altered for it to function anew.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
1. How can having Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder affect daily life?
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is associated with a lower quality of life, as well as with high levels of deterioration in social and work life. The deterioration may be due to the time spent on obsessions and compulsions.
2. What kind of beliefs does a person with this disorder have? A person with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder has exaggerated beliefs about perfectionism, a need for control, an exacerbated sense of responsibility, a predisposition to feel threatened by daily situations and an intolerance to uncertainty. These ideas cause a strong degree of dysfunction in the person.
3. Why does a person avoid certain things? People with this disorder tend to avoid people, places and things that can trigger obsessions and compulsions. For example, an individual with concern about pollution could avoid public areas to reduce exposure to the dreaded pollutants.
4. At what ages does Obsessive Compulsive Disorder usually appear? Symptoms may occur in preschool children with early manifestations of the disorder appearing. The prevalence is higher in early adulthood.
5. What factors can influence and increase the appearance of the disorder? The existence of the disorder in the hereditary family history can trigger the symptoms; also, being subjected to a heavy stress load increases the risk of triggering the appearance of intrusive thoughts, rituals, etc.
6. What other conditions can a person develop if he or she has Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder? The disorder may be related to: depression, eating disorders, dermatitis due to frequent contact and/or due to constant hand washing, abuse of alcohol or addictive substances, and in the worst cases, a person may present with suicidal thoughts and behaviors.
OUR TREATMENT MODEL
CADE offers a multidisciplinary treatment according to the characteristics and needs of the patient that is based on the patient´s diagnosis and an individual intervention plan.
A psychological or psychiatric disorder generally has a genetic or biological origin detonated by difficult and early or current traumatic experiences that lead the individual to become ill. Therefore, the clinical intervention in these disorders necessitates the multidisciplinary work of psychiatry, psychology, medicine, nutrition and complementary therapies. The treatment can be outpatient, inpatient or semi-inpatient based.