Depressive disorders are affective disorders characterized by a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in almost all activities. In children and adolescents, the mood can be irritable instead of sad. Frequently, the person is described as depressed, sad, hopeless or discouraged, or irritable.
There is almost always loss of interest and capacity for pleasure to a greater or lesser extent. People may express a feeling of being less interested in their hobbies, of having "lost interest" or of having stopped enjoying activities that they previously considered pleasurable. Family members will notice social isolation and a significant reduction in previous levels of interest or sexual desire. There are also difficulties in falling asleep, having problems falling back asleep after waking up at night, waking up too soon and being unable to fall asleep again, or on the other end, experiencing excessive sleep.
The alarming aspects of this condition are the thoughts of death, suicidal ideation or suicidal attempts. The causes of depression are not known with certainty, but we know that psychological and social factors, as well as chemical alterations of the brain, are involved.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Is depression a mental illness?
Yes, depression is a serious mental illness, but it is possible to recover and to have a normal life with positive thinking, good humor and an ability relate to others. Any person can suffer from depression including those who apparently live well and comfortably. The young and the elderly are the most vulnerable age groups to suffer depression, although anyone at any age is susceptible.
Are there different kinds of depression?
Major Depression: The essential feature is a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in almost all activities. In children and adolescents, the mood can present as irritable instead of sad.
Chronic Depression (dysthymia): The essential feature is a depressed mood for most of the day and present more days than not. It causes significant discomfort and deteriorates the quality of social, school or work life for the person suffering.
Bipolar Disorder in its depressive phase: This condition refers to the change in the polarity of mood between an episode that is persistently high, expansive or irritable to a major depression.
What is the differences between sadness and depression?
Sadness is normal and occurs, for example, with the loss of a loved one, a job, over the breakup of a relationship, or other life difficult life events. Sometimes those feelings experienced are called "depression." But sadness and depression are not the same, because feelings of sadness improve over time while depression can last for months or years and requires medical, psychological and sometimes psychiatric intervention.
What are the factors that trigger depression?
Biochemistry: alterations in the brain of serotonin and norepinephrine Genetics: can be hereditary. In cases of twins, for example, if one has depression, the other has a 70% chance of suffering at some time in his or her life Personality: low self-esteem, people who are easily overwhelmed or pessimistic people Environmental factors: such as violence, denial, abuse or poverty can predispose or make a person susceptible to suffering from depression.
Events in the life of a person: tragic events not expected, such as a terminal illness, situations that have great impact (the current economic crisis, hurricanes, earthquakes, air or land accidents, attacks, etc.).
How is depression treated now?
There are several types of treatment, and it is always recommended to seek professional help where a doctor, psychologist and/or psychiatrist can assess the type of treatment required depending on the severity of the depression.
CADE has an interdisciplinary team where doctors, psychologists and psychiatrists can give the comprehensive and professional help needed. Currently there is an innovative and safe treatment called Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation that CADE employs, since 40% of cases that are treated with drugs and psychological therapy alone may not achieve the expected results.
OUR TREATMENT MODEL
CADE offers a multidisciplinary treatment according to the characteristics and needs of the patient that is based on the patient´s diagnosis and an individual intervention plan.
A psychological or psychiatric disorder generally has a genetic or biological origin detonated by difficult and early or current traumatic experiences that lead the individual to become ill. Therefore, the clinical intervention in these disorders necessitates the multidisciplinary work of psychiatry, psychology, medicine, nutrition and complementary therapies. The treatment can be outpatient, inpatient or semi-inpatient based.