BODY DYSMORPHIC DISORDER
Body dysmorphic disorder refers to an excessive, persistent concern for a physical defect, either real or imagined, often associated with other diseases, such as obsessive-compulsive and personality disorders.
People with this disorder express desire to change or improve their physical appearance. Their obsessions refer to multiple parts of their body, even when they may have a normal appearance or be attractive to other people. People with this disorder have the perception that they are "horrible" and can even avoid social contact because they are afraid of making a fool of themselves because of their appearance.
They tend to avoid looking at themselves in the mirror or, on the contrary, look at themselves excessively, criticizing their apparent flaws. This disorder is not related to vanity, rather it causes people to feel uncomfortable and insecure and believe that they are inferior to others.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
At what age can it be presented?
The average age of onset of the disorder occurs in adolescents between the ages of 12 to 17.
What are the main obsessions? The skin, face, genitals, wrinkles, teeth, chest, buttocks, scars, facial asymmetry, facial hair, lips and nose.
Does a person with dysmorphic disorder want to change or improve their appearance because their physique is unpleasant? People with this disorder have a normal appearance and can be attractive, but they have the feeling of being horrible. They are not able to interact with other people because they believe they will be humiliated or ridiculed for their physical appearance.
Is it true that egomaniacal and vain people develop a Body Dysmorphic Disorder? On the contrary, people with this disorder do not believe they are attractive nor have good attributes. They believe themselves to be unpleasant in the eyes of others, so they feel very insecure in relation to others.
What is the origin of Body Dysmorphic Disorder? Although there is no single cause, it is related to and may appear in conjunction with eating disorders, such as compulsive eating, anorexia nervosa or bulimia, or it may also be related to a social phobia or a social anxiety disorder.
Does Body Dysmorphic Disorder only occur in women? Both Men and women can present this disorder.
Can it cause death? Suicide rates and suicide attempts have a higher prevalence in the population of people suffering from this disorder.
OUR TREATMENT MODEL
CADE offers a multidisciplinary treatment according to the characteristics and needs of the patient that is based on the patient´s diagnosis and an individual intervention plan.
A psychological or psychiatric disorder generally has a genetic or biological origin detonated by difficult and early or current traumatic experiences that lead the individual to become ill. Therefore, the clinical intervention in these disorders necessitates the multidisciplinary work of psychiatry, psychology, medicine, nutrition and complementary therapies. The treatment can be outpatient, inpatient or semi-inpatient based.