AVOIDANT/RESTRICTIVE FOOD INTAKE DISORDER
This disorder is related to the lack of interest in food. A person with this disorder will speak with concern of the disadvantages or consequences of eating, point out textures, tastes, smells, consistencies or other characteristics of foods that cause them reluctance or extreme sensitivity when eating. The symptoms related to this disorder do not coincide with the criteria necessary for the diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa, but the person will show clinical problems that are still considered significant regarding food.
There is a fear of suffering some unpleasant reaction when eating, such as choking or having an allergic reaction. The situation can lead to a loss of weight and to a deterioration in the daily functioning of the person. In addition, the person with a food avoidance disorder will depend on using nutritional supplements or tube feeding. The restriction related to insufficient intake is commonly associated during early childhood or to mothers during lactation and may prevail until and throughout adulthood.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What are the causes of a food intake disorder?
In some individuals, avoidance is associated with characteristics of the food producing an extreme sensitivity to its appearance, color, smell, texture, temperature. One of the main characteristics is the active refusal to eat, despite having access to food. The sensations of fear, disgust or intolerance create the need to impose nutritional upon the person suffering.
How is it different from Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa?
Significant weight loss is present in the three disorders. The main difference is the dependence of the person, due to his or her avoidance of food, to being fed nutritional supplements either orally or enterally (via tube feeding).
Can it cause death?
Due to lack of nutrients and significant nutritional deficiency and weight loss, as well as a dependence on nutritional supplements, fed orally or enterally, death can result.
OUR TREATMENT MODEL
CADE offers a multidisciplinary treatment according to the characteristics and needs of the patient that is based on the patient´s diagnosis and an individual intervention plan.
A psychological or psychiatric disorder generally has a genetic or biological origin detonated by difficult and early or current traumatic experiences that lead the individual to become ill. Therefore, the clinical intervention in these disorders necessitates the multidisciplinary work of psychiatry, psychology, medicine, nutrition and complementary therapies. The treatment can be outpatient, inpatient or semi-inpatient based.